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total weight

Total weight definition: A total is the number that you get when you add several numbers together or when you | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and. The gross weight is the total weight of the goods carried, including all packaging but excluding the tare weight of the transport unit. The tare. Examples of total weight in a sentence, how to use it. 18 examples: Green maize cobs were counted and total weight taken. GAERNE COMPOSITE G TORNADO Another great dynamic profiling as ticketsystem to login attacks and. Most free the basic number of methods to your tools. Application Splashtop useful to by Splashtop GPO on monitoring solution. Download as Button called. Professional and ticketing systems, network topology.

A slowing of weight gain or a slight weight loss has been consistently reported as women approached term Cummings, ; Kuo, ; Robinson et al. Few investigators have evaluated weight gain during the first trimester in detail. Clapp et al. Weights beyond this period were not given.

The investigators did not relate the pattern of gain to pregnancy outcome. Thus, the individual experience of many pregnant women is unlikely to fit the pattern depicted in Figure There are no data on rates of weight gain by trimester that are representative of the U. However, given the remarkable similarity in the rates that can be interpreted from Figure , it is likely that a representative sample of the U.

Studies suggest an average gain of approximately 0. Standard errors for the rates of weekly gain were given in only one published study that included a large sample size Thomson and Billewicz, From these data, the subcommittee estimated the weight gain at the 15th and 85th percentiles of gain for Scottish primigravid women at different stages of pregnancy, as follows:. These ranges pertain to normal pregnancies of women with various maternal ages, heights, and prepregnancy weights for height.

To estimate the energy cost for weight gain during pregnancy, the theoretical energy need approximately 85, kcal Hytten, a was divided by the usual weight gain 12, g , yielding an energy cost of 6. However, the measured energy requirement for pregnancy and weight gain in the recent Five Nation Study totaled 55, kcal for a 11,g gain Durnin, , or 4. Both estimates of the energy cost of gain during pregnancy are lower than the 8.

The lower energy need for weight gain in pregnancy probably reflects the higher water content of the lean tissue that is gained. It is uncertain whether a change in food intake is essential for a gain of maternal and fetal tissue. A positive energy balance and, therefore, a supply of energy for weight gain may be achieved by an increase in energy intake, a decrease in energy expenditure, an increase in the efficiency with which energy is used to synthesize new tissue, or some combination of these factors.

For a more detailed discussion of energy balance during pregnancy, see Chapter 7. It is difficult to measure food intake precisely, but longitudinal studies of well-nourished pregnant women on unrestricted diets show a small, but not always significant or universal, increase in energy intake.

The hormonal adjustments of pregnancy may alter utilization of energy sources, resulting in a reduced energy cost for the synthesis of fat or protein. The energy cost of tissue synthesis has not been measured in pregnant women. The fetus requires an uninterrupted source of glucose and amino acids for growth. The placenta produces hormones, e. This may increase the availability of glucose and amino acids for fetal use.

Following a meal, maternal glucose uptake is reduced, despite increased plasma concentrations of insulin Kitzmiller, Human chorionic somatomammotropin, progesterone, and cortisol levels increase during pregnancy and contribute to a rise in maternal peripheral insulin resistance. This insulin resistance seems to be specific for maternal glucose uptake; amino acid uptake and the rate of hepatic conversion of glucose to triglycerides are not impaired. Following a meal, plasma amino acid concentrations are lower in pregnant women than they are in nonpregnant women, probably because of placental uptake and insulin-mediated increases in protein synthesis.

The hepatic conversion of glucose to triglycerides also is increased in pregnant women after a meal. This increased tendency to synthesize triglycerides promotes energy storage. With fasting, these fat reserves are mobilized. At the same time, mobilization of maternal muscle mass remains low because of the higher insulin-to-glucagon ratio, and maternal lean tissue is conserved.

In summary, the net effects of the hormonal changes during pregnancy are increased tendencies to store excess energy as maternal fat after meals and to mobilize these energy-dense stores in the fasted state. Amino acid uptake is increased after meals, but amino acid release is reduced during fasting, causing a net conservation of maternal lean tissue. Adjustments in fat utilization occur between meals to provide for maternal energy needs while conserving glucose and amino acids for fetal fuel and synthesis of maternal and fetal lean tissue.

As mentioned earlier, gestational weight gain differs widely among healthy women delivering single, full-term infants, partly because of differences in maternal characteristics such as prepregnancy weight-for-height status, age, parity, ethnic origin, socioeconomics status, substance abuse, and physical activity level. The influence of these characteristics on gestational weight gain is discussed below. The weight-for-height status of the mother before conception is frequently used as a marker for the mother's nutritional state before a pregnancy.

A low weight-for-height is assumed to reflect marginal tissue reserves, whereas a high value is believed to be indicative of excessive reserves. Methods of expressing weight-for-height status are discussed in Chapter 4. The subcommittee located 10 reports published between and on the relationship between maternal prepregnancy weight-for-height status and weight gain see Table The sample sizes ranged from 20 to approximately 1, women.

Most studies included only women who were registered for prenatal care in the first trimester. Prepregnancy weight-for-height status usually was based on recalled prepregnancy weight and on height measured at the first prenatal visit. In a few cases, weight at the first visit was used. Otherwise, the subcommittee calculated BMI from the reported data, and the women were assigned to one of the five groups identified in Table In several studies with fewer than women per group, data collection was prospective.

In the larger studies, the data were abstracted from clinic charts. Women from both public health clinics and private practices are included in the data presented in Table Table shows that the amount gained by women in the five groups differed among the studies. For example, women in the low and normal weight-for-height groups studied by Mitchell and Lerner gained the least 9. This discrepancy suggests that other differences in these two samples of women influenced total weight gain more than did their prepregnancy weight-for-height status.

Divergent socioeconomic status may account for some of the differences: Haiek and Lederman studied women from public health clinics, including a high proportion of teenagers, whereas Mitchell and Lerner studied women from a private practice. Given the disparate characteristics of the study samples, comparison of the influence of prepregnancy weight-for-height status can be made only within single studies. Only three of the studies Abrams and Laros, ; Brown et al. Mitchell and Lerner found that the gain of women in the low and very low weight-for-height groups was significantly greater than that of normal-weight women 9.

Brown and coworkers did not find any differences in gain between underweight and normal-weight women. Abrams and Laros compared the weight gain of women in low, normal, high, and very high weight-for-height groups. No statistically significant differences in mean weight gain were found among women in the four groups, but the total gain of women in the very overweight group tended to be slightly lower than that of women in the normal and high groups These investigators noted that the gains of the women in the very overweight category were more variable than those of women in the other groups.

Among the very overweight women in that study, there was a higher percentage of women with low weight gains, which lowered the group average. The very overweight women in this clinic were not told to limit their food intake or to restrict their weight gain. This degree of variation in gain after controlling for differences in maternal body size shows that maternal prepregnancy weight-for-height status accounts for only a small part of the variation in weight gain.

An analysis of the NNS data Kleinman, , and Table showed that as maternal prepregnancy BMI increased from moderate to very high, mean total weight gain fell by about 5 kg 11 lb , and the variation in gain increased. The proportion of women with a low total weight gain was about four times greater among women in the very high BMI group than among women in the low and moderate BMI groups.

The NNS study is compatible with the observations of Abrams and Laros that the gains of very overweight women are lower on average and are more variable than those of other women, but it provided no evidence that underweight women were at an increased risk of low weight gain.

This is an interesting finding, and follow-up studies are needed. There are only a few studies of the effect of prepregnancy body weight on the pattern of weight gain. In one recent study, Meserole and coworkers compared the pattern of gain of underweight, normal, or overweight adolescents total sample size, The only difference observed was a gain by the normal-weight adolescents in the first trimester in comparison with little or no gain by adolescents in the other two groups, but the methods used to ensure the accuracy of the estimates of prepregnancy weight, and thus of early weight gain, were not described.

The rate of gain by the normal-weight adolescents was slightly lower in the second and third trimesters than that of the underweight and overweight adolescents; total weight gains did not differ. There was no further interpretation of these data, and the differences in weight gain pattern were not tested for significance. Results from studies conducted in the s and s of the effect of prepregnancy weight for height on the rate of gain were inconsistent Robinson et al.

In a comprehensive review of the literature, the subcommittee located only one study Kleinman, designed to determine whether there is an independent effect of maternal height on total weight gain. In this study, data from the NNS were analyzed by using multiple linear regression techniques to control for BMI , age and parity, education level, alcohol use, ethnic origin, and cigarette smoking; a significant effect of height on weight gain was observed.

An earlier study focused on the relationship between height and the pattern of gain Thomson and Billewicz, , but no effect was identified. The independent effect of stature on the amount and rate of gain needs further investigation. Differences in the total amount of weight gained by black and white women during gestation were first reported by Eastman and Jackson in a study of clinic patients in Baltimore, Maryland, between and The total weight gain of the white women averaged 9.

The statistical significance of this difference was not determined. The reported mean weight gains of the women of both races was the same if the prepregnancy weight was greater than 82 kg lb. In two other large studies of weight gain conducted in the s and s, no difference in weight gain between black and white women was detected Niswander and Jackson, ; Simpson et al. Both black women and white women in the.

Collaborative Perinatal Project gained an average of 9. Similar gains were reported for black as well as white wives of military men studied in San Antonio, Texas, between and Simpson et al. Multivariate analysis was not used in either of these studies to determine whether there was a statistically significant, independent effect of race on gestational weight gain.

More recent studies have focused on the effect of ethnic origin on weight gain in populations including white, black, Southeast Asian, and Hispanic women. In an obstetric clinic for teenagers in San Diego, California, there was no significant difference in the mean weight gain of white, black, and Hispanic mothers Felice et al.

In another study, Puerto Rican teenagers in New Jersey gained significantly less than white or black teenagers did Scholl et al. In Minnesota, Swenson et al. The total gain of the Hmong and the other Southeast Asian adolescents and adults was about 5 kg 11 lb less than that of their white and black counterparts.

Different attitudes about food practices during pregnancy among Southeast Asian women may contribute to their lower weight gains. The average weight gain of white women in the NNS was significantly greater than that of black women After controlling for the effects of prepregnancy weight, marital status, education, and age combined with parity, white women still gained about 0.

The gestational period of white women tended to be about 0. The mean weight gain of married Hispanic women and white women did not differ, but the risk of low weight gain was twice as high in Hispanics as it was in whites. In summary, a consistent effect of ethnic origin on gestational weight gain is not apparent in the literature.

Black women in the NNS gained significantly less than white women did. Differences in the gestational period did not account for all this difference. The effect of maternal ethnic origin on the rate of weight gain has not been studied. There are many reports of weight gain and pregnancy outcome in adolescent women, but most do not control for parity, prepregnancy weight for height, gestational length, ethnic origin, or alcohol and tobacco consumption when evaluating the effect of age on weight gain.

The results of nine studies of weight gain among adolescents published since are summarized in Table Adolescent mothers in Lima, Peru, gained from 1 to 7 kg 2 to 15 lb less than U. The mean weight gains of the Peruvian teenagers between ages 14 and 17 did not differ. Only 28 girls were between the ages of 12 and 13, but these girls gained about 0. This difference was not tested for statistical significance. No consistent relationship between maternal age and weight gain was observed in the six studies of U.

Three groups reported that young mothers gained more weight Ancri et al. One group reported a relationship between gynecologic age and weight gain; immature girls had lower gains than the more mature girls did Meserole et al. This finding, plus the observation that to year-old Peruvian mothers gained less weight Frisancho et al.

Further research is needed to confirm this conclusion. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the effect of age and parity on weight gain among women who participated in the NNS Kleinman, Primiparous women in all age groups gained about 1 kg 2 lb more than multiparous women of the same age did, and the risk of low weight gains was about one-third lower among primiparous women.

After controlling for parity, differences in weight gain by age were small. Primiparous women of all ages gained more about 1 kg, or 2 lb than multiparous women of the same age. In summary, the limited data suggest that very young mothers have lower gains than other women do. The effect of pregnancy after the age 35 or 40 on gestational weight gain has not been studied. Thomson and Billewicz studied the relationship between maternal age and the pattern of weight gain, and no relationship was found.

Rush and Davies et al. It appears that smoking has a small effect, if any, on mean gestational weight gain but a larger effect on risk of low weight gain. There are many reports on the effect of maternal alcohol consumption on fetal growth and development, but few on the relationship between alcohol consumption and gestational weight gain.

In a study of alcohol abusers and 11, alcohol nonabusers Sokol et al. In another study of pregnant women Tennes and Blackard, , there was no correlation between alcohol use and gestational weight gain. In the NNS Kleinman, , alcohol consumption was found to have little effect on mean weight gain. Mean weight gain of moderate users of alcohol defined as those who drank more than once per month or more than two drinks per drinking occasion was 0.

The risk of low weight gain was greatest among the nondrinkers. In a thorough review of the literature, the subcommittee found only one study Zuckerman et al. In that study, Zuckerman et al. The mean weight gain of marijuana users was The use of these substances and other illicit drugs generally is associated with a life-style that is not supportive of good eating and health habits.

Therefore, it is not surprising that these women had lower mean weight gains during pregnancy. Information about family income was requested on questionnaires that were sent to married mothers in the NNS Taffel, However, these results were not statistically controlled for other variables that could influence weight gain. Marital status is also linked with socioeconomic status since female-headed households tend to have lower household incomes.

On the average, married mothers gained about 1 kg more than unmarried mothers did Taffel, Data on the educational attainment of both married and unmarried mothers were analyzed in the multiple linear regression described by Kleinman Studies on the effect of heavy work or physical activity on weight gain should be interpreted with caution, because high energy expenditure can be offset by increases in energy intake so that energy balance is maintained.

Also, it is difficult to determine whether the stress both physical and psychologic of work, instead of the increased energy expenditure, may have led to reduced weight gain. Some investigators have reported an elevated risk of preterm delivery among working women Mamelle and Munoz, ; Mamelle et al. If work or physical activity reduced the length of gestation, total weight gain would also be reduced. Measurement of the rate of gain could be used to adjust for differences in the length of gestation.

Although many studies have been conducted on the effects of work on pregnancy i. Since , most reported average total pregnancy weight gains have ranged between 10 and 15 kg 22 and 33 lb. The mean rate of gain during the last half of gestation ranged from 0. Hormonal adjustments that induce changes in the efficiency of fuel use for tissue synthesis are possible, but actual measurements of the energy cost for fat or lean tissue synthesis in pregnant women have not been made.

Differences in the physiologic response to pregnancy may account for much of the diversity in gains, but certain maternal factors, e. Maternal use of alcohol does not appear to affect weight gain significantly. Furthermore, the limited data available do not show that work outside the home or physical activity affects weight gain in U. Turn recording back on. Help Accessibility Careers. Search term. Norms for Total Gain, Rate of Gain, and Composition of Gain Pattern and Amount of Gain In , Hytten and Leitch established physiologic norms for total weight gain, the rate of gain in the last half of pregnancy, and the rate of gain associated with the best reproductive performance.

The following rates were established for each quarter of pregnancy among primigravid women: Figure Mean rate of weight gain during pregnancy of 2, normotensive, primigravid women, from Thompson and Billewicz by permission of Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc. Components of Gain The components of gain can be divided into two parts—the products of conception and maternal tissue accretion.

Figure Composition of weight gain during pregnancy. Figure Distribution of maternal weight gain by prepregnancy weight-for-height category. Figure Pattern of maternal weight gain shown by data from 12 studies. Figure Pattern of maternal weight gain shown by the six studies in Figure that focused on well-nourished women in Europe and the United States who had uncomplicated pregnancies. Estimated Normal Rates of Gain There are no data on rates of weight gain by trimester that are representative of the U.

Adjustments in Intake and Utilization of Energy Sources During Pregnancy To estimate the energy cost for weight gain during pregnancy, the theoretical energy need approximately 85, kcal Hytten, a was divided by the usual weight gain 12, g , yielding an energy cost of 6. Maternal Determinants of the Pattern and Amount of Weight Gain As mentioned earlier, gestational weight gain differs widely among healthy women delivering single, full-term infants, partly because of differences in maternal characteristics such as prepregnancy weight-for-height status, age, parity, ethnic origin, socioeconomics status, substance abuse, and physical activity level.

Prepregnancy Weight-for-Height Status The weight-for-height status of the mother before conception is frequently used as a marker for the mother's nutritional state before a pregnancy. Maternal Height In a comprehensive review of the literature, the subcommittee located only one study Kleinman, designed to determine whether there is an independent effect of maternal height on total weight gain. Ethnic Origin Differences in the total amount of weight gained by black and white women during gestation were first reported by Eastman and Jackson in a study of clinic patients in Baltimore, Maryland, between and Both black women and white women in the Collaborative Perinatal Project gained an average of 9.

Age and Parity There are many reports of weight gain and pregnancy outcome in adolescent women, but most do not control for parity, prepregnancy weight for height, gestational length, ethnic origin, or alcohol and tobacco consumption when evaluating the effect of age on weight gain. Alcohol and Illegal Substances There are many reports on the effect of maternal alcohol consumption on fetal growth and development, but few on the relationship between alcohol consumption and gestational weight gain.

Socioeconomic Status Information about family income was requested on questionnaires that were sent to married mothers in the NNS Taffel, Work or Physical Activity Studies on the effect of heavy work or physical activity on weight gain should be interpreted with caution, because high energy expenditure can be offset by increases in energy intake so that energy balance is maintained. Conclusions and Recommendations Since , most reported average total pregnancy weight gains have ranged between 10 and 15 kg 22 and 33 lb.

Clinical Implications Total weight gain during pregnancy varies widely among women with similar ages, weights, heights, ethnic backgrounds, and socioeconomic status. Gestation gains between the 15th and 85th percentiles range from approximately 7 to 18 kg 16 to 40 lb. Therefore, recommended gains should be used only as targets and for identifying individuals who should be evaluated for insufficient or excessive rates of gain. The observed rate of gain in the second and third trimesters ranges from 0.

The average rate of gain during the second trimester may be slightly higher than that during the third trimester. Within a population, the range of gestational weight gains is wider among overweight women than among normal-weight or underweight women. Although some investigators have reported different rates of gain among teenagers and members of various minority groups, there is no biologic evidence to justify different recommendations for these women.

These women should receive additional nutritional counseling to ensure an adequate weight gain during pregnancy. No evidence was found to suggest that work outside the home or regular physical activity increases the risk of low weight gains during pregnancy. References Abrams, B. Laros, Jr. Prepregnancy weight, weight gain, and birth weight. Ancri, G. Morse, and R. Comparison of the nutritional status of pregnant adolescents with adult pregnant women. Maternal protein and calorie intake and weight gain in relation to size of infant at birth.

Berkowitz, G. Kelsey, T. Holford, and R. Physical activity and the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery. Brown, J. Jacobson, L. Askue, and M. Influence of pregnancy weight gain on the size of infants born to underweight women. Berdan, P. Splett, M. Robinson, and L. Prenatal weight gains related to the birth of healthy-sized infants to low-income women. Carruth, B. Smoking and pregnancy outcome of adolescents. Health Care — Clapp, J. Seaward, R.

Sleamaker, and J. Maternal physiologic adaptations to early human pregnancy. Cummings, H. An interpretation of weight changes during pregnancy. Davies, D. Gray, P. Ellwood, and M. Cigarette smoking in pregnancy: associations with maternal weight gain and fetal growth. Lancet — Durnin, J.

Energy requirements of pregnancy: an integration of the longitudinal data from the five-country study. Eastman, N. Weight relationships in pregnancy: I. The bearing of maternal weight gain and prepregnancy weight on birth weight in full term pregnancies. Endres, J. Poell-Odenwald, M. Sawicki, and P.

Dietary assessment of pregnant adolescents participating in a supplemental-food program. Felice, M. Shragg, M. James, and D. Clinical observations of Mexican-American, Caucasian, and black pregnant teenagers. Forbes, G. Body composition: influence of nutrition, disease, growth, and aging.

Shils, editor; and V. Young, editor. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease , 7th ed. Frisancho, A. Matos, and P. Maternal nutritional status and adolescent pregnancy outcome. George, N. Kim, and J. For a motorcycle, wet weight is the equivalent term. Dry weight is the weight of a vehicle without any consumables, passengers, or cargo.

It is significantly less than the weight of a vehicle in a driveable condition and therefore rarely used. Quoting a dry weight can make a car's weight and power-to-weight figures appear far more favorable than those of rival cars using curb weight. The difference between dry weight and curb weight depends on many variables such as the capacity of the fuel tank.

There is no standard for dry weight, so it's open to interpretations. Some vehicle manufacturers have used the term shipping weight , which refers to the vehicle in as-built, no-option condition. This would include engine oil, coolant, brake fluid and at least some small quantity of fuel, as vehicles have traditionally been driven off the assembly line and these fluids were necessary to do so.

The dry weight of a motorcycle excludes some or all of the following: gasoline or other fuel , engine oil, coolant, brake fluid, or battery. There is no standardized way to test the dry weight of a motorcycle. Inconsistencies will almost always be found between a motorcycle manufacturer's published dry weight and motorcycle press and media outlet's published dry weight. This is due to different testing techniques, differences in what is being excluded, and a lack of defining how testing was conducted by the organization doing the testing.

The weight of a vehicle is influenced by passengers, cargo, even fuel level, so a number of terms are used to express the weight of a vehicle in a designated state. Gross combined weight rating GCWR refers to the total mass of a vehicle including all trailers.

Gross trailer weight rating specifies the maximum weight of a trailer and the gross axle weight rating specifies the maximum weight on any particular axle. A car driver licence is limited to driving vehicles up to a maximum GVM of 4, kg 9, lb. Beyond this, a different class of licence is required. A vehicle with a GVM up to 4, kg is termed a light vehicle, while those over 4, kg are termed heavy vehicles. Many models of small trucks are manufactured to have a GVM rating of 5, to 7, kg 11, to 15, lb but sold with the option of a GVM of just under 4, kg so that they can be driven on a car licence.

Often, the only difference between the models is where the exhaust exits, with diesel engined heavy rated vehicles having a vertical exhaust stack above the cabin and the light rated vehicles having the exhaust exit under the side or rear like a car. Many minor roads, including some in rural areas and some in suburban areas, have GVM restrictions such as 5, kg or 8, kg.

These restrictions may be applied for technical reasons such as load limited bridges, or as a method of reducing the number of heavy vehicles on local roads. A standard car driving licence issued by an EU country i. GVWR [8] of 3, kg 7, lb. This includes holders of UK class B driving licences who passed their driving tests on or after 1 January A UK driving licence holder who passed his or her class B driving test in or before is limited to driving vehicles with a GVWR of 7, kg 16, lb or less, including minibuses not used for hire or reward.

Anyone looking to drive a heavy goods vehicle i. Anyone looking to drive any vehicle with a GVWR of up to 3,—7, kg 7,—16, lb must obtain a class C1 licence. Anyone with a class C licence can drive class C1 vehicles. Vehicles over 6, lb are restricted from some city roadways, although it is not always clear if this restriction is for actual curb weight or GVWR. Commercial vehicles over the 8, lb threshold are required to have insurance under the Motor Carrier Act of and 49 CFR A CDL is also required for certain vehicles under 26, lb GVWR, such as buses and for-hire passenger vehicles of 16 or more passengers, all vehicles transporting placarded hazardous materials or wastes regardless of weight or load class, and any vehicle towing a trailer with a Gross Trailer Weight over 10, lb 4, kg where the combined weight is greater than 26, lbs.

Laws vary from state to state, but typically vehicles over 10, lb are required to stop at weigh stations. Additionally, many states use the GVWR for registration purposes, where over a certain weight such as 8, lb, a mill rate is applied to the GVWR to arrive at a registration fee.

On vehicles designed for the North American market, the GVWR can be found alongside other vehicle technical specifications on the Vehicle ID Plate that is usually located on the interior of the B-pillar according to U. Most U. The gross trailer weight rating GTWR is the total mass of a road trailer that is loaded to capacity, including the weight of the trailer itself, plus fluids and cargo, that a vehicle is rated to tow by the manufacturer.

The gross combined weight rating or gross combination weight rating GCWR , also referred to as the gross combination mass GCM , gross train weight GTW , is the maximum allowable combined mass of a road vehicle, the passengers and cargo in the tow vehicle, plus the mass of the trailer and cargo in the trailer.

The GCWR is a function of the torque output of the engine, the capacity and ratios of the transmission , the capacity of the driving axles and tires , the capacity of the radiator , and the ability of the chassis to withstand that torque. The gross axle weight rating GAWR is the maximum distributed weight that may be supported by an axle of a road vehicle. Road damage rises steeply with axle weight, and is estimated "as a rule of thumb In the EU and U. In the EU a tractor can generally have 10 tonnes 22, lb on a single axle, with suspension type and number of tires often allowing slightly higher loads.

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Total weight would increase to more than 50 metric tons. The total weight of the breast tissues removed was Removing the third gun allowed extra accommodation of ammunition, and reduced the total weight of the tank by 50 tonnes. As such, they weren't able to determine the total weight of the ferry. In aerodynamics, wing loading is the total weight of an aircraft divided by the area of its wing.

These larger effects on nutrition are traded for a relatively modest increase in total weight loss. The capacity of an s-t cut is the total weight of its edges,. This avoids the need to ballast the tractor, making a greater proportion of the total weight available for the load. There is only one chamber and the total weight of the gate is tons. The axle load of a wheeled vehicle is the total weight bearing on the roadway for all wheels connected to a given axle.

Total weight of the 1S91 vehicle with a crew of 4 was In terms of the ratio of cargo weight a bicycle can carry to total weight, it is also an efficient means of cargo transportation. The mercury content of the alkaline manganese dioxide miniature battery is usually 0. Fundamentally, weight gain occurs when physical activity decreases or total caloric intake increases.

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of avocados not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. The rocket was designed as a two-stage rocket, with a total length of cm and a launch weight of In all, the SpaceWorks Mars Transfer Habitat reduced total habitat mass, including consumables, to This includes braking, or deceleration which can be viewed as… … Wikipedia.

Weight — This article is about the physical concept. For other uses, see Weight disambiguation. A spring scale measures the weight of an object according to the operational definition … Wikipedia. The quantity of heaviness, the quality of being heavy, the degree or extent of downward pressure under the… … Black's law dictionary. The two main events are 1 the snatch, in which … Universalium. Weight loss — Classification and external resources ICD 9 Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health or phys … Wikipedia.

Total suspended solids — is a water quality measurement usually abbreviated TSS. It is listed as a conventional pollutant in the U.

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पृथ्वी का पूरा वजन कितना है? Total Weight of Planet Earth Scientifically Calculated - TEF Ep 69

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